These are the places that receive the most tourists in Prague. You can find them in every guide book and almost every tourist have them in a private to-see list and then they are running around the city to catch them. They are beautiful, without any doubt, however Prague is more than that – find out more about other places in my next article. So here is the list:
1) Prague Castle
The Prague Castle is visible from many spots in Prague since it stands on a hill. Very useful for defensive purposes and very useful for our tourist industry as well. The Prague Castle all together with Charles Bridge and Vltava river is a unique scenery that is very hard to forget. Sometimes during my walks in Prague I stop for a while and think just how perfect this view is as it was designed only to create such effect.
The Prague Castle is a castle complex which was most likely founded around 880, it is said that it is the largest castle complex in the world which simply means that you can wander around for hours discovering its beauties.
The main monument in the complex is the St Vitus Cathedral. It is the most important church in the country. The first Romanesque church at this site was built in 930, later it became too small for newly established bishopric of Prague so it was enlarged. Gothic church was founded in 1344 by Charles IV. However the construction of the cathedral was halted by Hussite wars in the 15th century which left the cathedral unfinished for many years. There were later attempts to finish the cathedral but the current image is just from the 1929 when it was finally completed. Well, this means that the cathedral is an interesting mixture of styles as is the whole Prague Castle.
There are more interesting things to see within the complex such as basilika of St George,Old Royal Palace or Vladislav Hall.
2) Charles Bridge
The Charles Bridge is another famous site in Prague which is usually overcrowded, especially in summer. It is always better to go there in the morning or in the evening. The atmosphere there is just magical but people have special magical power to spoil these moments.
The bridge crosses the Vltava river and it was the only means of crossing until 1841. Well, it was an important connection for both sides of Prague (Lesser Quarter and Old Town). Its construction started in 1357 by (again) Charles IV and it replaced the old Judith bridge. The bridge is amazing for its statues, to be more specific: for 30 statues that stand in two rows, one on each side. They were erected between 1683-1714 but today they are all just copies, originals are located in the lapidarium of the National Museum.
The bridge survived many floods, for example in 1890 or most recently in 2002. There is a legend that egg yolks were mixed into the mortar to strengthen the construction of the Charles Bridge.
The entrance to the bridge has been always protected by three bridge towers, two of them being on the Lesser Quarter side and third on the Old Town side. It is a great idea to climb the stairs to reach its top with a beautiful view ! It is not free though but it is still very cheap - 90 CZK (3,50 EUR).
3) Old Town Square
Located in the exact heart of the city, Old Town Square is another place you simply cannot miss. You will most likely meet people waiting in front of the tower for Prague Orloj or Prague astronomical clock "to perform" its regular show (every hour). Well, statues begin to move and some of them even walk in the window above the clock which might sound rather uninteresting. Many visitors seem disappointed which is very hilarious to observe: hustle, iphones preparation, excitement, ohh here it is, hmm, ? , thats all ?
But the truth is that the real magic of Prague Orloj lays in its history, construction and organisation. The clock was first installed in 1410 and it is the oldest astronomical clock in the world that is still working, fascinating. I would like to add more informations about Astronomican clock in the future so that you will be able to enjoy it more profoundly.
Well the historical square features many different architectural styles, such as Baroque St. Nicholas Church or Gothic Church of Our Lady before Týn. The square is usually lively with artists, musicians or markets (Christmas, Easter)